The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong is known as the transfer of Hong Kong (or simply the transfer, including return to mainland China) at midnight on 1 July 1997, when the United Kingdom ended the administration of the Hong Kong colony and ceded control of the area to China. Hong Kong has become a particular administrative region and continues to have government and economic systems distinct from those of mainland China. [doubtful – discuss] The communist press published reports that the project was a bad plan to bleed at ease in Hong Kong before the handover and let the territory take on serious debt.  After three years of negotiations, Britain and the PRC finally agreed on the construction of the new airport and signed a Memorandum of Understanding.  To remove the hills and reclaim the land, it took only a few years to build the new airport. Under the agreement, Hong Kong would be a “special administrative region of China” for 50 years, it is said. It would keep its capitalist system, have its own government. It would be known as one country, two systems. This group was a connection organ, not a power organ, where each party could send up to 20 support coworkers. It is expected to meet at least once a year at each of the three sites (Beijing, London and Hong Kong). It was established in Hong Kong on July 1, 1988. It should also help HKSAR maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude agreements on these issues with the relevant states, regions and international organisations, and could therefore create specific sub-groups. Between 1985 and 2000, the Joint Liaison Group held 47 plenary sessions, 18 in Hong Kong, 15 in London and 14 in Beijing.
Many of China`s actions, particularly in the first months and years after the handover, may be uncertain and send conflicting signals about the intentions of the Communist Party leadership. This is partly due to the fact that Beijing will be confronted with a completely new political environment, which few or no other governments in the world face: the exercise of authority over a large economic region, autonomous in most respects and having developed its own political and economic system after a hundred years of separation. Secondly, some inconsistency is also to be expected, as ideological and regional divisions within the Communist Party and the military lead to political reversals and different approaches to the different arms of the Chinese state. While reformers and modernists of the Chinese political establishment can be expected to see Hong Kong`s political integration as an opportunity to strengthen the process of change in China, more conservative elements see the territory as a symbol of subversion of traditional Chinese and Maoist values and as a channel of ideas that undermine the party`s driving role. July 1 will mark the 20th anniversary of the handing over of British power to China in Hong Kong. On 1 July 1997, sovereignty over the British colony of Hong Kong was officially transferred to China. The surrender raises questions about the territory`s ability to pursue its economic success and to maintain political freedoms and the rule of law under British rule. This paper examines transfer issues and Hong Kong`s post-1997 viability prospects and the impact on Australia. Critics say the Australian government`s position runs counter to its commitment to promoting human rights at the international level and that respect for human rights in China would promote their integration into the region. (36) This criticism was criticized by the fact that the chairman of Hong Kong`s most supported party, Martin Lee, condemned the decision to appoint a provisional legislative council and, after calling on the Australian government to join the boycott of the opening ceremony, said that the decision to participate had “sacrificed Hong Kong for trade with China”. (37) An opinion poll conducted in Hong Kong in mid-June showed that only 7% of respondents believed that the appointed Council would serve their interests better than the elected Legco. (38) Other commentate